Principles of Liberty
Principle of Providence
Providence is a worldview or a philosophy of life. It views God as actively involved with creation. He has a plan and purpose for individuals and events and provides for the needs of creation.
I have lived, Sir, a long time, and the longer I live,
the more convincing proofs I see of this truth—
that God governs in the affairs of men.
Principle of Individuality
Everything in God’s universe reveals God’s infinity ,diversity, and uniqueness. The creation reflects the creator. Individuality holds that the individual is infinite, diverse,and unique because individuals are made in the image of God. Each individual is a part of God’s continuing plan.
Individuality reveals that there is a unity with diversity in creation. All creation is unified because we have a common Creator. Yet there’s great diversity within that unity.
Each nation is unique and distinct with different characteristics. Each nation has a plan and a purpose as well.
Principle of Self-Government
Government is direction, control, and restraint. Humankind is designed to self-govern. Self-government is self-direction, self-control, and self-restraint. Each man, woman, boy, and girl is created to govern, to direct, control, and restrain his or her own actions. Humans are to govern their own actions within the laws of the state.
Every man, and every body of men on earth,
possess the right of self-government.
Principle of Property
A person’s property is whatever he or she has exclusive right to possess and control. Property is both internal and external. The individual has internal properties such as beliefs, convictions, conscience, ideas, feelings, and talents. External properties are tangible possessions. Not only possessions but also convictions need to be protected and safeguarded.
Property…In the former sense, a man’s land ormerchandise, or money, is called his property.
In the latter sense, a man has a property in his opinions and the free communication of them.
He has a property of peculiar value in his religious opinions, and in the profession and practice dictated by them…
He has an equal property in the free use of his faculties, and free choice of the objects on which to employ them. In a word, as a man is said to have aright to his property, he may equally be said to have a property in his rights.
Principle of Character
Character can be defined as a convictional belief that results in consistent behavior. Internal character qualities of individuals govern their external environment. A person’s character brings dominion and change to his or her external environment.
Citizens and leaders with character are necessary for the preservation of life, liberty, and property.
As there is a degree of depravity in mankind
which requires a certain degree
of circumspection and distrust:
So there are other qualities in human nature,
which justify a certain portion
of esteem and confidence.
Republican government presupposes the existence
of these qualities in a higher degree
than any other form.
Principle of Union
A union is the joining of two independent bodies into one.The external union of people results from an internal unity of ideas and principles residing in their hearts. Before two or more individuals can act effectively together, they must first be united in spirit and purpose. Stronger internal bonds will produce a stronger union and action.
Let the thirteen States, bound together
in a strict and indissoluble Union.
Principle of Representation
Representation is acting as the substitute for another. Noah Webster defines representation as “to personate; to act the character or to fill the place of another. To supply the place of; to act as a substitute for another. To stand in the place of.”
Here sir, the people govern;
here they act by their immediate representatives.
Principle of Power and Form
External forms result from internal power. Both power and form are necessary for liberty. There should be a balance of power and form.
Examples: If a firefighter fighting a fire rushed to the fire with his or her hose (the form), but didn’t have water (the power) flowing through it, the fire would rage on. Similarly, if he or she just went and opened the hydrant without a hose attached, it would do little good in extinguishing the flames. Both power and form are necessary.
Another example is the Constitution. The power of the Constitution is its nature and essence or the internal spirit of the Constitution. The power includes principles such as individuality, self-government, property, and union. All these principles have an internal component.
The form is the structure and framework or the letter of the Constitution. This includes:
1. The principle of representation
2. The separation of powers
3. Dual form of government
That, as a republic is the best of governments,
so that particular arrangements of
the powers of society, or,
in other words, that form of government
which is best contrived to secure
an impartial and exact execution of the laws,
is the best of republics.
Seed, as defined by Noah Webster, is “that from which anything springs; first principle; original.” A seed is planted; nourishment, sunlight, and care are provided; and a mature plant comes forth bearing fruit. We reap what we sow. Seedbearing is a gradual process.
Yet the best Capacities require Cultivation,
it being truly with them, as with the best Ground,
which unless well tilled and sowed with profitable Seed,
produces only ranker Weeds.
In summation, the words of Judge Andrew P. Napolitano ring true:
There are immutable laws that all of humanity are under. Governments that honor these laws prosper.“All men are created equal and are endowed by their creator by…” Our rights come from our humanity and not from our government. Now whether you believe that we are the highest and best creatures on earth or that we were created by an All-Knowing, All-loving God who has fashioned each individual in His image with a distinct destiny and purpose, these principles still apply. We are sovereign human beings and the highest creation of nature, the government is a temporary organization. The individual is greater than the government. If we are creatures of an Almighty, All-Knowing, All-loving God, created in His image and likeness, then the one aspect we share with Him is that we are completely and totally free. Freedom is integral to our existence. We are free to do as we wish because that is the essence of our existence. When the government gets in the way of our freedom, government is going against the laws of nature and of nature’s God.
The Chain of Liberty by Jayme MacCullough p.12-19